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2021考研英語:語法長難句之插入句和倒裝句

  摘要:今天介紹的是長難句中的插入句和倒裝句的內容,語法相關內容大家還是要好好看的,打好基礎,后面的備考過程會輕松一點。

  第一部分:插入句

  一、理論常識

  插入結構表示說話人的態度和看法,解釋或者說明整個句子,去掉之后句子仍然完整。插入結構的成分可以是副詞、形容詞短語、介詞短語、不定式短語、分詞短語或者主謂結構。在這就不一一論述了。但值得注意的是插入語的翻譯,有些插入語,尤其是位于句首的插入語,可保持原文中的詞序。然而,在許多情況下,需要對英語原文句子的順序作必要的調整,使譯文符合漢語習慣。

  二、試題舉例

  But , for a small group of students , professional training might be the way to go since well-developed skills , all other factors being equal , can be the difference between having a job and not .

  【參考翻譯】但是,對一小部分學生來說,專業訓練也是條可取的路徑。因為在其他因素相同的情況下,技能的嫻熟是得到工作與否的關鍵。

  第二部分:倒裝句

  一、理論常識

  倒裝句的幾種形式

  1. 以here , there ,then , now , next引出的倒裝句。

  Here comes the special guest of the party .

  There seem to be many beautiful girls in the university .

  2. 以表地點的介詞短語引出的倒裝句。

  At the school gate stood an old woman .

  Under the tree are sitting some students .

  On the bed lay a big teddy bear .

  注意:主語為代詞是不用倒裝。

  3. 以表示方位的副詞引出的倒裝句。

  Off went the horse .

  Down fell a dozen apples .

  4. 否定詞或具有否定意義的詞及詞組用在句首。

  Never have I seen such a good teacher .

  Not a moment did he waste on campus .

  By no means should she be left alone .

  Under no circumstances will I believe you .

  5. only置于句首。

  Only in this way can we make a difference .

  6. as / though引導讓步狀語從句。

  Rich as he is , he spends a cent on charity .

  Try as / though he does , he never seems able to get a high score in the exams .

  7. 在虛擬條件句中,連詞if省略時,即將were , had , should等詞提到句首。

  Were I you , I would take this chance .

  Should he come tomorrow , he would help us to settle the problem .

  二、試題舉例

  Odd though it sounds , cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementary-particle physics , and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true.

  【重點詞匯解析】plausible,adj. 貌似可信的;consequence,n. 結果、推論;astrophysicist,n. 天體物理學家

  【參考翻譯】盡管它聽起來很奇怪,宇宙膨脹說是在基礎粒子物理學中的一些公認的觀點在科學上貌似可信的推論,并且很多天體物理學家在近十年中已經相信這種理論是真實的。

 

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